The Life of Sperm

Most people probably don’t give much thought to sperm development until perhaps conception is taking longer than it should. Fortunately, there are some very tangible vitamins, minerals and antioxidants that men can take to improve their sperm health and overall fertility.

It is generally known that most men produce millions of new sperm every day. However, you might not know that it takes these new sperm about 3 months to fully mature. You also might not realize that when sperm are initially formed within the testicles, they lack the ability to swim forward or fertilize an egg until they make their way through the reproductive tract. A lot can happen in those three months that can affect the overall health and capabilities of the sperm. The sperm provides 50% of the genetic material for the baby, and if the sperm is not healthy enough to preserve that material or penetrate the egg, the fetus will never occur or properly develop. 

Evidence shows that the most common cause of sperm deficiencies are nutrient shortages.  Just like women, men's bodies need different vitamins and minerals in order to produce healthy sperm. Every day is important in the life of sperm and feeding them these nutrients are key to their healthy development.

Key sperm indicators:

  • Sperm count: An important aspect of semen quality is the number or concentration of sperm cells in a given amount of semen. Normal semen contains 40 million to 300 million sperm per milliliter. A low sperm count or oligospermia is considered to be anything between 10 and 20 million sperm per milliliter. Twenty million sperm per milliliter may be adequate for pregnancy if the sperm are healthy. Any number of things can lead to low sperm count, including previous medical problems, age, and your environment. Your lifestyle factors in, too, so if you smoke or use recreational drugs, they can affect your fertility.
  • Sperm Quality: Also called sperm morphology. Even if you have a normal sperm count, they still have to be healthy enough to make the journey from your partner’s vagina to the cervix and uterus to the fallopian tubes. Normal sperm have egg-shaped heads and long tails. Sperm use these tails to “swim” to the egg. The more normal-shaped sperm you have, the easier it will be for them to reach your partner’s egg.
  • Sperm motility: An essential function of healthy sperm cells is their ability to swim. Sperm motility is measured as the percentage of moving sperm cells in a sample of semen. Healthy sperm motility is defined as sperm with forward progressions of at least 25 micrometers per second. If a man has poor sperm mobility, it’s called asthenospermia or asthenozoospermia. There are different types of sperm motility issues, including: slow or sluggish progressive motility, non-progressive motility, which is defined as anything less than 5 micrometers per second and no mobility.
  • Testosterone levels and hormonal balance: The precise balance of hormones in a man’s body determines the success of the male reproductive system. Male infertility can result if the body doesn’t produce enough testosterone or gonadotropins, which includes follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH). 

When it comes to male fertility, producing healthy sperm in the right amounts requires that the body have all the 'raw materials' it needs. Research has found that micronutrient intake affects male reproductive health. Some types of vitamins, including vitamins D, C, E, and CoQ10, are important for sperm health. Beli has optimized the right nutrients that have been clinically proven to help sperm in each stage of growth.